Sunday, August 7, 2011

Wayang Gung Traditional Art

Origin : South Kalimantan.

The word wayang gung is relevant to the meaning of each word because the ntory in wayang gung is taken from one of the stories of the wayang (shadow puppet play) namely the Ramayana epic and the word gung is derived from the name of one of gamelan instruments, that is the gong.

Pattern of performance
The wayang gung is divided into two parts:
  • Memacukani (introduction) : In the introduction one or five puppeteers make their appearance and they explain about the story to be performed to the audience. The names of the puppeteers or dalang are : Dalang Utusan, dalang pemboyun, dalang kasmaran laya. dalang kalonglongan/dalang and da.lang sejati.
  • Presentation of the story.
The story of wayang gung is depicted from the Ramayana epic, but the story it self has been adapted to the Banjar tradition. The source of the story (pakem) of wayang gung is the Banjar version of Ramayana which has been verbally passedto the local traditional performing art. This can be observed by the appreance of the charof Hupang. Tawar Wisa ect. Who do not exist in the original Ramayana story.

The performers of wayang gung consist of several men and women.

Costumes for the players are specially designed for this performance. The costumes for the characters of king and senapati (commander in chief) are embroidered and are donned with colorful beads, while the costumes for the warriors and Pancawati troop consist of fur belt, samban, loincloth, bells with decorated scarves.

A set of traditional gamelan musical ins-truments consisting of Bambu, sarun atas, sarun bawah, gau, kenung, kngsi, big gong and small gong.

Very abstracts, depends on the imaginati-on of the audience. A table can represent a palace, a jungle etc. acccording to the story being performed.

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